Herbert Bayer, Austrian (1900 - 1985)

At the age of nineteen Herbert Bayer took up an apprenticeship with the architect and designer Georg Schmidthamer in Linz, where he produced his first typographic works. From 1921 Bayer worked at the Darmstadt artists' colony as assistant to the architect Josef Emmanuel Margold.

In the same year Bayer enrolled as a student at the Weimar Bauhaus, where he initially attended the pre-course under Johannes Itten followed by a workshop on mural painting, lead by Wassily Kandinsky. In 1925 the artist completed his training with a final examination. Bayer was appoined head of the newly created workshop for print and advertising at the Dessau Bauhaus, where they also produced the school's own printworks. In 1928 the artist left Bauhaus to focus more on his own artwork and moved to Berlin, where he worked as a graphic designer in advertising and as an artistic director of an advertising agency called 'Studio Dorland'.

During his time in Berlin, the artist also devoted his time to the design of exhibitions, painting and photography and was art director of 'Vogue' magazine in Paris. In 1938 Bayer emigrated to the US, where he arranged the exhibition 'Bauhaus 1919-1928' at the New York Museum of Modern Art in the very same year. In 1946 he moved to Aspen, Colorado, where he worked as a painter, graphic designer, architect and landscape designer. Furthermore, Bayer worked as an artistic consultant for several companies and institutions, including the 'Container Corporation of America', the 'Atlantic Richfield Company'.

He was also the design consultant for the Aspen cultural center and member of the art board for the information bureau of the United States of America. In 1974 the artist moved to Montecito, California, where he died in 1985. Herbert Bayer received numerous awards and honors, including an honorary doctorate of the 'Technische Hochschule Graz', the 'Österreichisches Ehrenkreuz für Wissenschaft und Kunst', the 'Ambassador's Award for Excellence in London and the 'Kulturpreis für Fotografie' in Cologne.


SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS

1929 Kunstlerbund Marz, Linz, Austria.
Galerie Povolozky, Paris.
1931 Bauhaus, Dessau.
1936 Kunstverein, Salzburg.
1937 London Gallery, London.
1939 Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, North Carolina.
P.M. Gallery , New York City.
1940 Art Gallery, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
1943 Willard Gallery, New York City.
North Texas State Teachers College, Denton, Texas.
1944 Outline Gallery, Pittsburgh.
1947-49 Retrospective: "The Way Beyond Art." Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Institute of Design, Chicago.
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska .
Boise Art Museum, Boise, Idaho: Boseman Museum, Boseman, Montana.
Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon; Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington.
San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco.
1952 Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland.
1953 Hanns Schaeffer Galleries, New York City.
1954 Kunstkabinett Klihm, Munich.
Galleria del Milione, Milan.
1955 Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, Aspen.
1956-57 Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer: 33 Jahres Seines Schaffens." Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg.
Die Neue Sammlung, Munich
Kunstgewerbemuseum, Zurich
Hochschule fur Bildende Kunste, Berlin.
Stadtisches Museum, Braunschweig.
Kunst und Industrie Museum, Vienna.
1957 Kunstkabinett Klihm, Munich.
1958 "Recent Works of Herbert Bayer." Fort Worth Art Center, Fort Worth, Texas.
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.
1959 Kunstkabinett Klihm, Munich.
1960 Stadtische Kunsthalle, Dusseldorf.
Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund.
1961 Bauhaus-Archiv, Darmstadt.
1962-63 Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer. Paintings, Architecture, Graphics." Stadtisches Kunstmuseum, Duisberg.
Roswell Museum and Art Center, Roswell, New Mexico
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
The Art Gallery, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California.
La Jolla Museum of Art, La Jolla, California.
Joslyn Art museum, Omaha, Nebraska
Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
Galleria del Levante, Milan.
Kunstkabinett Klihm, Munich.
1963 Andrew Morris Gallery, New York City.
Neue Galerie, Linz, Austria.
1964 Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies, Aspen.
1965 Byron Gallery, New York City.
Esther Robles Gallery, Los Angeles.
Boise Art Association, Boise, Idaho.
1966 Scudder Gallery, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire.
1967 Galerie Klihm, Munich.
Galerie Conzen, Dusseldorf.
Philadelphia Art Alliance, Philadelphia.
1968 Marlborough New London Gallery, London.
1969 The Art Gallery, University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California.
"Two Visions of Space" (joint exhibition with Ingeborg ten Haeff), the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York.
1970 Dunkelman Gallery, Toronto.
Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg.
Galerie Conzen, Dusseldorf.
1971 Marlborough Gallery, New York.
Centre Culturel Allemand, Paris.
Goethe-Institute, Paris.
Die Neue Sammlung, Munich.
Osterreichisches Museum fur Angewandte Kunst, Vienna.
1972 Marlborough Gallery, Montreal.
Galerias Mer-kup, Mexico City, D.F.
1973 Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer. Fotografien. Fotomontagen. 1926-1937." Landesbildstelle, Hamburg.
Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld: Fotohistorisches Museum, Leverkusen.
Saarland Museum, Saarbrucken.
Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer. A Total Concept." The Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado.
1974 Marlborough Galerie, Zurich.
Galerie Klihm, Munich.
Small Traveling Retrospective: Galerie Nachst St. Stephan, Vienna
Galerie im Taxis Palais, Innsbruck
Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz, Austria.
1974-75 Traveling Exhibition: "Herbert Bayer. Lithographs and Screenprints. 1969-1973." Marlborough Graphics, New York City.
Benjamin Mangel Gallery, Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.
Malvina Miller Gallery, San Francisco.
Van Straaten Gallery, Chicago
Hokin Gallery, Palm Beach, Florida.
Collaborative Gallery, Los Angeles.
Desmond Muirhead Galleries, Newport Beach, California.
Michael Berger Gallery, Pittsburgh.
1974-78 Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer. Das Druckgrafische Werk bis 1971." Haus Deutscher Ring, Hamburg.
Landesmuseum fur Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Munster.
Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden.
Bauhaus-Archiv, Berlin
Kunstgewerbemuseum, Zurich.
Museum Bochum, Bochum, Germany
Hochschule fur Gestaltung, Offenbach, Germany.
Museo Nacional de Machado do Castro, Coimbra, Portugal.
Museo Nacional de Soares dos Reis, Porto, Portugal.
Museo Espanol del Arte Contemporaneo, Madrid
Museo del Arte Moderno, Barcelona.
1975 Marlborough Gallery, Toronto.
Art Contacto Galleria, Caracas, Venzuela.
1976 Retrospective:"Herbert Bayer. Beispiele aus dem Gesamtwerk 1919-1974." Die Neue Galerie, Linz, Austria.
Marlborough Gallery, New York City.
1977 Retrospective: Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, California.
Marian Locks Gallery, Philadelphia.
1977-78 Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer: From Type to Landscape" (traveling exhibition sponsored by the American Federation of Arts). Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.
Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, California.
The Art Gallery, State University of New York.
The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.
Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, Athen, Georgia.
Retrospective: "Herbert Bayer: Photogaraphic Works" (traveling exhibition organized by ARCO Center for Visual Art.) ARCO Center for Visual Art, Los Angeles.
Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego, California.
Portland Art Museum, Porland, Oregon.
South Dakota Memorial Art Center, Brookings, South Dakota.
Witte Memorial Museum, San Antonio, Texas.
University of Art Gallery, Arlington,Texas.
University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City, Iowa.
Center for Creative Photography , University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Center for the Arts, Simon Fraser university, Burnaby, British Columbia.
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco.
Davidson Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut.
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland.
1978 Galerie Klihm, Munich.
Museum Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
1979 Marlborough Gallery, New York .
Galerie Breiting, Berlin.
1980 Inaugural Exhibition of the Herbert Bayer Archive. Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado.
Die Neue Galerie, Linz, Austria.
Inaugural exhibition of the Herbert Bayer Collection.
The Breakers Seminar Building, Atlantic Richfield Company, Santa Barbara, California.
1981 Aspen Center for the Visual Arts, Aspen.
Galerias Mer-kup, Mexico City, D.F. Ruth Schaffner Gallery, Santa Barbara, California.
"Herbert Bayer: A Selected Survey. Paintings. Sculpture. Photographs." Grapestake Gallery, San Francisco.
1982 Marlborough Gallery, New York City
"The Photography of Herbert Bayer." The Keystone Gallery, Santa Barbara, California.
"Herbert Bayer. Sixty Years of Paintings." Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado.
"Herbert Bayer. Photographic Works." Galleria, The Arizona Bank, Phoenix, Arizona.
1983 Galerie Thomas, Munich.
Saidenberg Gallery, New York.
Janus Gallery, Los Angeles.
1995 "Bauhaus and Beyond." Kent Gallery, New York
1997 "The Aspen Years." Kent Gallery, New York

1999 herbert bayer: the total artist. Smallworks Gallery, Las Vegas, Nevada


SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

Bauhaus- Archiv, Berlin.
Staatliche Museen Preussicher Kulturbesitz Nationalgalerie, Berlin.
Schubladen Museum, Bern, Switzerland.
Museum Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
Busch-Risinger Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany.
Wallraf-Rachartz Museum, Cologne, Germany.
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Bayer Archive, Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado.
Stadtische Sammlungen Duisberg-Rheinhausenn, Duisberg, Germany.
Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum der Stadt, Duisberg, Germany.
Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany.
Evansville Museum of Arts and Science, Evansville, Indiana.
Fort Worth Art Center, Fort Worth, Texas.
Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany.
Landesgalerie, Hannover, Germany.
Staatsgemaldesammlung, Museum, Kassel, Germany.
Stadtisches Museum Leverkunsen, Leverkusen, Germany.
Stadtische Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany.
Museum of Modern Art, Mexico City, D.F.
Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlung, Munich, Germany.
Landesmuseum fur Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Munster, Germany.
Guggenheim Museum, New York City.
Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City.
Germanisches National Museum, Nuremberg, Germany.
Oklahoma Art Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, Connecticut.
Museum of Modern Art, Rome.
Roswell Museum and Art Center, Roswell, New Mexico.
Saarland Museum, Saarbrucken, Germany.
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco.
Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, California.
Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany.
Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vienna.
Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, Germany.
Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York.
Bayer Photographic Archive, Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tuscon.

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