Andy Warhol, American (1928 - 1987)

1928 Born in Pittsburgh, PA
1945 - 1949 Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh. Major: Pictural Design.
1962 Founded the Factory
1969 Founded Interview Magazine
1987 Died in New York, NY

Andy Warhol began his career as a commercial illustrator, developing ads for the I. Miller Department store in New York. His first exhibition was in 1962, at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, which included all 32 of his Campbell's Soup Can renditions.

Born in Pittsburgh in 1928 as Andrew Warhola, Andy Warhol came to represent more than just the American condition. He became pivotal in the evolution of artistic production in relationship to mainstream mass-produced culture and commercialism. The founder and most influential figure of the Pop Art movement, Warhol received his training in graphic design from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1949. He then moved to New York City to begin his career as a commercial artist where he gained phenomenal success. By 1955, Warhol was the most successful and most-influential commercial artist in New York.

His career took flight when he produced the first of his window displays using enlarged comic strip images. Characters such as Superman and Popeye were among the popular images he incorporated into designer fashion. Needless to say, his department store windows drew a lot of attention, and Warhol garnered a reputation for the extreme. One of Warhol's most important developments was his use of enlarged photographic images which were silk screened directly onto canvas and/or paper. This technique enabled him to produce quickly and cheaply a series of mass-media images that he marketed to the public. Iconographic objects such as Soup Cans, U.S. Dollar Bills, Coca-Cola Bottles, as well as the various faces of celebrities and politicians became highly sought after by art aficionados.

In the late 1960s, Warhol experimented with the medium of film exploring such rhetorical topics as time, boredom, and repetition. He founded inter/VIEW magazine in 1969 (later changed to Interview in 1971), published 'The Philosophy of Andy Warhol: From A to B and Back Again' and continued to produce silkscreens until his death in 1987.

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Selected Exhibitions
2006 Warhol's World, Hauser & Wirth, London
2006 Man's Best Friend, Lococo Fine Art, St. Louis, MO
2006 Andy Warhol: Vanishing Animals, Medium SARL, Gustavia, St. Barthelemy
2005 Andy Warhol Self-Portraits, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
2004 Andy Warhol - Selbstportraits, Sprengel Museum, Hannover
2004 Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz
2004 The Late Andy Warhol - The Late Work, museum kunst palast, Dusseldorf
2004 Andy Warhol: Motion Pictures, Kunstwerke, Berlin
2004 Andy Warhol, Anton Kern Gallery, New York
2004 Andy Warhol - LATE PAINTINGS, Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles
2003 Andy Warhol - The Time Capsules, Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt
2003 Warhol - Screen Tests, Museum of Modern Art, New York
2001 Retrospective, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
1999 Photography, The Andy Warhol Museum, Hamburg, Kunsthalle, travelled to Pittsburgh,
1998 Reframing Andy Warhol: Constructing American Myths, Heroes and Cultural Icons, University Art Gallery, Maryland
1993 Andy Warhol: Abstract, Basel, Kunsthalle, travelled to Vienna, Östereichisches Museum für Angewandte Kunst; Valencia, IVAM,
1992 Andy Warhol Polaroids 1971 - 1986, New York, Pace/MacGill Gallery, travelled to London, Anthony d'Offay; Paris, Durand-Dessert,
1991 Andy Warhol's Video and Television, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
1990 Andy Warhol: Films, IVAM, Valencia
1990 Andy Warhol: Cars-The Last Pictures, Kunstmuseum, Berne
1990 The Prints of Andy Warhol, Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art, New York
1989 Andy Warhol: A Retrospective, Hayward Gallery, London
1989 Andy Warhol: Shadow Paintings, Gagosian Gallery, New York
1976 Venice Biennale
1970 Museum of Contempary Art, Chicago
1970 Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
1970 Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris
1970 Museum of Art, Pasadena, CA, toured the US
1969 Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
1968 Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1968 Moderna Museet, Stockholm
1967 Galerie Rudolf Zwirner, Cologne
1967 Ileana Sonnabend, Paris
1966 Leo Castelli Gallery, New York
1966 Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston
1965 Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia
1964 Ileana Sonnabend, Paris
1964 Leo Castelli Gallery, New York
1964 Stable Gallery, New York
1963 Fetus Gallery, Los Angeles
1962 Fetus Gallery, Los Angeles
1952 Andy Warhol: Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote, Hugo Gallery, New York

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