Luis Alberto Acuna, Colombian (1904 - 1994)
Tapias Luis Alberto Acuña (1904-1994)
Luis Alberto Acuna Tápias
Suaita, Santander Department, Colombia
Renowned painter, sculptor and historian Colombian, born in 1904 in Suaita, (Santander) in the home of Don and Dona Isaiah Acuna Virginia Tapias. He died in 1994.
Teacher Self Luis Alberto Acuña
1910 to 1913. He attended public school Suaita.
1915 - Studied at the Colegio Universitario del Socorro.
1916 to 1917. He studied at the College de Vélez.
1921 - Studied at the Central Technical Institute in Bogota, led by the Brothers of the Christian Schools.
1922 to 1923. He joined the National College of St. Bartholomew, run by the Jesuits.
He also entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Bogotá, where he studied painting with Master Francisco A. Cano. His works from this period were Naturalists.
1924 - won a competition at the departmental government of Santander, which paid for her trip to Europe and a pension.
1924 to 1926. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris, where he is master Jean Boucher. Also visit the Academy Colarossi, as chair of sculpture was by Emile Antoine Bourdelle.
1925 - Summer. Italian journey he visits Sicily, Naples, Rome and Florence.
1926 - Travels to Germany and spend some time in Munich and visited the art galleries. He returned to Paris and leaves the School of Fine Arts Academy to enroll in free of "La Grand Chaumiere. In 1925, following an arts hall of Paris, in which he participated with his fellow sculptor Romulo Rozo alongside Picasso, saw a group of Los Bachué around a new American approach, the bachuísmo]]. Was the response of young Colombian artists Picasso at the strangeness of them Works of Colombians do not appear elements of pre-Columbian cultures.
In 1929 he returned to Colombia and was appointed Rector of the Centro de Bellas Artes de Bucaramanga. He made his second solo exhibition at the Salon of the newspaper "El Deber" Bucaramanga. In 1942 participated in the Third Salon of Colombian artists with oils: Placita Colonial and masque, and won third prize for painting with the latter. Participated in the National Salon of Artists of Colombia several times and won first place in 1950. From 1948 to 1949. Received a fellowship from the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. In 1960 the mural allegorical literature in Spanish and Colombian Colombian Academy of Language and the statues of the most famous authors of the literature.
Work and career
AL Master Acuna is remodeling some of the most important buildings colonianes of Colombia, as the House of the founder of Tunja, the House Clerk Don Juan de Vargas and his own home in the town of Villa de Leyva, where he created a museum art and paleontology.
Master Acuna, was an artist with a long history and abundant and varied production. Campaigned for many years at the forefront of Colombian painting, one of its leading figures. He said of the German critic Walter Engel: "However, even if it were Acuna painter, more than enough reasons to consider him one of the most valuable forces in the artistic life of their nation, for his achievements as a sculptor, critic and historian art, and in boosting the research and artistic activity in his country. So extensive range of action is rooted in a vast erudition and artistic tonndo a fervent love for what is art ". In Revista de Indias, Bogota. February 1944.
You can track the teacher works through Acuna Enrique Ortega Ricaurte (Academic Bibliography. Publication of the Colombian Academy of History to mark the fiftieth anniversary of its founding, 1902-1952. Ed, Minerva Ltda, Bogotá, 1953) and John Friede (Luis Alberto Acuna, Colombian painter. Amerindia Editorial, Bogotá, 1946).
1926 - April. Participated in the Grand Salon of French Artists.
1926 - Julio. Participated in the Salon des Independents, which was then chaired by Paul Signac.
1926 - October. Participated in the Salon d'Automne.
1926 - October. Participated in the "Salon du France", which was organized by the newspaper "Paris Midi", at the Museum "Gallo". He presented the painting "seducing Dejaniére Nessus," which attracted much attention and was reproduced in the press in Paris.
1927 - traveled to Spain where he met, which would be his wife, Aurora Cañas.
1927 - exhibited not only in Paris but also in the Autumn Salon in Madrid.
1927 to 1928. He lived in Madrid. He studied sculpture at the studio of Victorio Macho, famed artist, author of several important monuments in Colombia. He also visited the Prado Museum where he made some copies.
1928 - He returned to Paris and opened his first solo exhibition in Gallery Marck (33, rue Bonaparte). His paintings are already in the pointillist.
1928 - He married Aurora Canas unique acting ability pianist who had several children.
1929 - He returned to Colombia and was appointed Rector of the Centro de Bellas Artes de Bucaramanga. He made his second solo exhibition at the Salon of the newspaper "El Deber" Bucaramanga.
1930 - Appointed Professor of Drawing-National College of San Bartolomé de Bogota, replacing Don Roberto Pizano Restrepo. In this year won a competition to reward the best monument to Bolivar, which. would be given away by the Republic of Venezuela to Bogotá.
1931 - He sent several pictures to the Salon Viña del Mar, Chile where he earned a first prize for all of its exhibits.
He published an article on 's relic of ancient art. Religious sculpture and the flourishing of the arts in Santa Fe de Bogota, in the magazine "Index" Colombia ",
1931, page 305 to 310, Bogota.
1931 - Julio. He participated in the call I Salon of Colombian artists with a sculpture, which won first prize, entitled "My friend John chanchona.
1932 -1936. He was professor of painting at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes de Bogotá.
1932 - He published a book entitled "Essay on the flowering of religious sculpture in Santa Fe, Bogota, 1932.
1933 - Implemented the monument to Rafael Pombo, which consisted of the bust of the famous fable, and a pedestal decorated with allegories drawn from fables. In painting his subject will be exclusively based on prehistoric art in Colombia.
1934 - He painted the picture entitled "The Bathers", now in the Museo de Bellas Artes de Medellín. Palmira exhibited in a table entitled "The Annunciation" where the Virgin has accentuated rural features.
1935 - He published an article entitled: "Sculpture and Silversmiths Colombian Indians. Pathways No. 4, Bogota.
1935 - He published the book "The Art of Colombian Indians", Bogotá, first edition. He executed the monument to the heroes Cali which is flanked by the busts of Caicedo, Vallecilla and Lleras. Crowning the monument is the statue of Nariño
Besides the essential idea is expressed in two low - side-reliefs representing the fecundity of the supreme sacrifice v Offering.
1936 - Implemented the memorial for General Benjamin Herrera to the Central Cemetery of Bogota (stone).
1936 - Gave several lectures in different cities in order to educate the public in modern art. They sharply criticized the slavish imitation that had stalled the national art. He restored the tower of the Church of San Francisco in Cali and ran the balustrade Mudejar for it.
1936 to 1938. He was appointed professor of anatomical drawing and sculpture at the Faculty of Dentistry, National University.
1937 - He made illustrations for the book: "The Rome of the Chibcha" by Gabriel Camargo Perez.
1937 - Julio. Exhibited together with Pierre Daguet at the Teatro Colon, several paintings inspired by Chibcha reasons. The catalog carried an introduction by Dr. Enrique Uribe White.
Executed the bust of General Francisco de Paula Santander, which is now in the Academia Historica, and the monument to Diego Uribe.
1938 - Leaves of the conventional in the paint to run large human figure compositions and disproportionately enlarged. His most important works in this genre are: "Bachu, Mother generating the Chibcha" and "Chiminigagua, Chibcha supreme deity. He executed the recumbent figure of Jimenez de Quesada to the Cathedral of Bogota.
1939 - August 7. Opening of the bronze bust of Don Juan de Castellanos, bestowed by the Academy of History to the city of Tunja.
1939 - bronze medal for his work entitled "Love Country" at the International World Fair (part of the "Business Machine Corporation") in New York.
1939 to 1941. Cultural Attache, Embassy of Colombia in Mexico.
1940 - Gallery Exhibits at the Autonomous University of Mexico (Mexico City), paintings that showed a definite tilt towards symbolism. He made a solo exhibition at the San Francisco Museum of Art (San Francisco, California).
1941 - He made a solo show at Seattle U. S. A.
1941 - He presented a second time at the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico City.
1942. July. He returned to Bogota.
1942 to 1944. He was manager of the Teatro Colon in Bogota.
1942 - He made a second edition of his book: "The Art of Colombian Indians, Mexico, D. F., 1942.
1942 - October. Participated in the Third Salon of Colombian artists with oils: Placita Colonial and masque, and won third prize for painting with the latter.
1943 - Led the National Exhibition Hall.
1943 - Appointed director of the Society of Colon Theater Set and made numerous stage sets for the official season of the National Theater Company.
1943 to 1951. Professor of painting at the School of Fine Arts in Bogotá.
1943 to 1946. He was appointed director of the School of Fine Arts in Bogotá.
1943 - Febrexo 15-28. Participates in the Salon of Drawings and Prints, with five lithographs: spectral composition, Imaginary Landscape Huitaca, Divinity Chibcha and Internal Control, acquired by the Pan American Union for its collection.
1943 - August 6. It opens its bust of General Domingo Caicedo National Park, Bogota.
1943 - September 6. Posters Exhibition Teatro Colon in Bogota.
1943 - December 11. Participates with the triptych "Colombian Amazon", in the Exhibition of Gran Colombia, organized by the Universidad Javeriana. the work was declared out of competition, having been made with tempera, a technique was not covered in the event.
1944 - V Salon of Colombian artists. Participated with three paintings: "The Kiss", "The Baptism" and "Women in the Woods".
1945 - October 12. VI Salon of Colombian artists. Participates with three oil paintings, "The Paradise Inírida" "The Third Exit" and "Printing of Cartagena".
1946 - Nominated as a corresponding member of the Academy of History.
1946 - October. Participates in the VII Salon of Colombian artists with oils "Double Portrait", "Student Proletarian", "Dialogue Between Carnival and Lent" and sculpture "The Young Poet" and "Bust of Professor Trias Pujol". Won third prize in composition with human figure, with the Double Portrait.
1946 to 1951. He was appointed Inspector of the Drawing Section of National Ethnological Institute.
1947 - Appears Refranero book Colombiano, Bogota, Editorial Agra, 1947.
1948 - Exhibition at the famous Hall of the '-16, which gathered the most outstanding painters in the national forefront. She writes the "Painting Hispano in Bogota," for "American Magazine", numbers 45 and 46 September and October 1948, Vol XV, pages 223-225, Bogota.
1948 to 1949. Travel to the United States grant from the Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
Exhibition of his works in various halls of the United States:
1949 - February. Panamerican Union Building, Washington, D. C.
1949 - March. Blumington Indiana University, Indiana.
1949 - April. New Research, New York.
1949 - Exhibition at the Centro Venezolano-Americano in Caracas and returned to Colombia.
Exhibits at the Art Galleries of Avenida Jimenez Bogota.
1950 - VIII Salon of Colombian artists. Otieno first prize for his painting "Baptism of Aquiminzaque. He also described "Jiménez de Quesada in the battle of Bonza" and "Annunciation". Participates in the Venice Biennale Exhibition.
1951 - Article in the Journal of American Vision's spectral Vines ", No. 72, June 1951, Vol XXIII, pp. 477, Bogota.
He is appointed President of the National Folklore Commission and corresponding member of the Academy History Boyacense. It appears the second edition of its Colombian Proverb (165 pages) editions Spiral
Bogota. Article "bogotanismos Dictionary", in Journal of Folklore, Organ of Folklore Studies Section of the Institute of Ethnology and Archeology, No. 7 September 1951, pp. 1 to 187, Bogota.
1951 - September. Participates in the Biennale Hall Madrid with oil "Baptism of Aquiminzaque" neo-pointillist invoice.
1951 - Article on Albrecht Dürer and Native American Art in the Journal Spiral, N9 36 September 1951, Volume IV, pp. 5, 18 and 19, Bogotá.
1952 - March 17. Appointed member of number of the Colombian Academy of History, in replacement of Dr. Daniel Arias Argáez.
1952 - August 7. Exhibits at the Salon of Colombian artists IX oils: Coronation of the Blessed Virgin and Somondocon, and "Ave Maria Gratia Plena."
1953. July 20. Group exhibition to commemorate the patriotic celebrations. Participate in "The Wife of the Merchant; return from exile, and Marriage Lugareño.'s Pointillist technique.
1954 to 1964. He was appointed Director of the Colonial Museum in Bogota.
1955 - Collective exhibition in the pavilion of the Second International Fair of Bogota.
1956 - Exhibition at Gallery El Callejon, of Bogota, several tables with a new style called by the same artist as "essential". Participates in the exhibition "Current Trends", the Colombian Institute of Hispanic Culture, in which he presents the painting "Toril", cubist-influenced.
1957 - October - Noviembre.X Salon of Colombian artists, participate with the Forest Myths oils, portrait painting, and collection of Lepidoptera.
1958 - September-October. XI Salon of Colombian artists. Participates with artificial moons (tempera on wood) and under the summer Jungle (tempera on wood).
1960 - Makes a reproduction of the sculpture "Monkey's battery, placed on the Small square of San Diego, Bogota. The original rests in the Bogotá Museum of Colonial Art.
1960 - July 27. Opening of the fresco mural at the Academy of Language.
1961 - April. Organize the course on art in Colombia in the Faculty of Law of the Colegio del Rosario.
1961 - June. The Bulletin of the Museum of Colonial Art published in Volume I, N9 12, a "List of the main architects and builders who worked hitherto known in the New Kingdom of Granada (Colombia) during the Colonial era.
1961 - July 24 to August 10. Retrospective Exhibition 1931-1961) in the Sala Luis Angel Arango: 43 paintings and 13 sculptures in wood.
1961 - October 30. Exhibition at Madrid 26 oil paintings and 6 sculptures in wood and bronze). The luxury catalog brings a written submission by Clement Airó. It was sponsored by the Department of Fine Arts.
1962 - February. He exhibited at the Palace of Fine Arts in Brussels: 28 oil paintings and 10 sculptures (wood and iron).
1962 - April. He exhibited at the Maison de L'Amerique Latine, Brussels, several paintings and sculptures. The catalog included a presentation by Dr. Gabriel Giraldo Jaramillo. 1962 - May. He exhibited at the Art Gallery "Le Bastion", Brussels, 38 works (oil paintings on wood and on canvas, and sculpture in wood and iron).
1962 - December 22. Opens in Bethlehem, Boyaca, the bronze bust of the peasant soldier Pascasio Pedro Martinez, who arrested the young Spanish General José María Barreiro and handed him over to Bolivar in the Battle of the Bridge of Boyaca.
1962 - December. Participates in the photographic exhibition of the Press Photographers Association, the National Museum in Bogota.
1963 - January. In the Chamber of the Regional Assembly of Andhra Pradesh inaugurated the painting "Proclamation of the Sovereign State of Cundinamarca. Manager by Ordinance 17 of 1961, represents the Precursor of Human Rights in America, Don Antonio Nariño, giving lñectura the historic document in the middle of important personalities of the time.
1963 - February. The magazine "L'Essai", Brussels, publishes his work with Jean Dubuffett another to illustrate an article critical of the famous Belgian Serge Huttin entitled "The situation of the current fantasy art.
1963 - February. Touring exhibition "30 Colombian Painters", which runs several North American cities for three months.
1963 - April. Conference on the History of Painting Colombiana, the Caja Agraria.
1963 - August 4. participates in the exhibition "El Siglo XX and painting in Colombia," with oil Gamonal and The Photographer.
1963 - Introduces the sculpture Pedro Fermin de Vargas, for the Hall of Natural Science, National University of Colombia.
1964 - March 25. Solo exhibition at the Hamburg Institute in Madrid. which acquired the work: "Fiera Underwater.
1972 - Retrospective exhibition at the Biblioteca Luis Angel Arango, Banco de la República, Bogotá.
Murals are the following: Life of Christopher Columbus on the Admiral Theater in Bogota Personality of the Spanish and Colombian literarura in the Colombian Academy of Lengua.Bogotá. Printing History at the National Press of Colombia.Bogotá. History of the Red Cross, the headquarters of the Colombian Red Cross. Bogota. Theology of the Chibcha Indians, at the Hotel Tequendama. and the cross of Santiago bogota.Bogotá museum.
* The Head Jimenez de Quesada, founder of Bogota. Bronze statue.
* Recumbent statue of Governor Don Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada, in the Cathedral of Colombia. Bogota.
* Man with sword. Quinta de Bolivar. Bogota.