Richard Serra, American (1939 - )

Born San Francisco, CA
BFA and MFA, Yale University New Haven, CT
BA, University of California at Berkeley Berkeley, CA

Known for large-scale steel sculpture of geometric designs, has created site-specific pieces that make three-dimensional designs in space. He has also made wall reliefs and floor sculpture from flexible materials that suggest organic shapes. He is committed to the idea of utilizing quality materials and to the concept that process is as important as the final result.

Serra was born in San Francisco and attended college at Berkeley and Santa Barbara, majoring in English Literature. He studied art at Yale University, earning a B.F.A. and an M.F.A. in 1964. There he worked with Josef Albers and came into contact with many leading artists of the New York School (Abstract Expressionists). He also had a job working in a steel plant, which had lasting influence on his career. On a Fulbright Scholarship, he studied in France and Italy. In 1977, he married Clara Wyergraf.

In addition to steel as a medium for his sculptures, Serra has utilized rubber belts, neon tubes, molten lead, and large metal slabs. In 1968 he made his first "Splash-piece," where molten lead was thrown against the point at which floor and wall meet. His 'Prop series" began around 1969 and involved placing large lead sheets against each other, several yards apart, or hung from ceilings. Many of his pieces are enormous three-dimensional configurations from steel beams and steel plates. His goal is to "create a 'field force . . . so that space is discerned physically rather than optically' " (Baigell 323).

Based in New York City, Serra has traveled extensively to oversee his numerous site-specific sculptures including one for Videy Island near Reykjavik, Iceland. Consisting of nine pairs of basalt columns along the periphery of the island, it has been the most time consuming of his works. He also spends several months a year on Cape Breton island in Nova Scotia "to fill up the reservoir."

1999 Richard Serra: New Etchings: Torqued Ellipses and Rounds, Gemini G.E.L. Los Angeles, CA
1998 Richard Serra: Rounds, Eleven New Drawings, Galerie m Bochum, Germany
1998 Richard Serra, The Geffen Contemporary at the Mus. of Contem. Art Los Angeles, CA
1998 Richard Serra: Weight and Measure Drawings, Gagosian Gallery New York, NY
1997 Leone and Macdonald/Richard Serra, , Rena Bersten Gallery San Francisco, CA
1996 "Weight and Measure" Etchings and Ike and Tina: a Drawing Installation, Matthew Marks Gallery New York, NY
1996 Richard Serra Drawings, Galerie Nieves Fernandez Madrid, Spain
1996 Richard Serra: Weight and Measure Etchings, John Berggruen Gallery San Francisco, CA
1996 Richard Serra: Prints, International Biennial of Easel Graphik Kaliningrad-Konigsberg, Russia
1996 Richard Serra: Thirteen Intaglio Prints, Gemini G.E.L. Los Angeles, CA
1995 Richard Serra: To Whom it May Concern, Matthew Marks Gallery New York, NY
1995 From Bauhaus to Pop: Masterworks Given by Philip Johnson, The Museum of Modern Art New York, NY
1995 L'Informe; Mode d'Emploi, Centre Georges Pompidou Paris, France
1995 Abstraction in the Twentieth Century: Total Risk, Freedom, Discipline, Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum New York, NY
1994 Beyond Boundaries - Art of the 60s and 70s, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art San Francisco, CA
1994 Sculpture's Maquettes, Pace Wildenstein New York, NY
1994 After and Before, The Renaissance Society at the Univ. of Chicago Chicago, IL
1994 The Tradition of the New: Postwar Masterpieces from the Guggenheim Collection, Soloman R. Guggenheim Museum New York, NY
1993 The Tradition of Geometric Abstraction in American Art 1930-1990, The Whitney Museum of American Art New York, NY
1991 Johns, Kelly, Lichtenstein, Serra: Works Loaned by the Artists in honor of Neill Rudenstein, Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University Cambridge, MA
1991 Richard Serra: The Afangar Icelandic Series, The Museum of Modern Art New York, NY
1991 Richard Serra: Sculpture and Drawings, Gagosian Gallery New York, NY
1991 Richard Serra: Skulptur, Malmö Konsthall Malmö, Sweden
1990 Richard Serra:Tekeningen/Drawings, Bonnefantenmuseum Maastrict, Netherlands
1990 Richard Serra: The Hours of the Day, Kunsthaus Zurich
1990 Image World: Art and Media Culture, The Whitney Museum of American Art New York, NY
1989 The Linear Image: American Master Work on Paper, Marisa del Re Gallery New York, NY
1988 Richard Serra; Graphik, Galerie Cora Hölzl Dusseldorf
1988 Richard Serra: Gravures Récentes, Galerie Lelong Paris
1987 Richard Serra: New Editions, Pace Primitive/Prints New York, NY
1987 Richard Serra: Sculpture, Leo Castelli Gallery and Pace Gallery New York, NY
1985 Black: Jasper Johns, Frank Stella, Richard Serra, Akira Ikeda Gallery Tokyo, Japan
1984 Richard Serra: Room Installation and Drawings from "Clara-Clara", Leo Castelli Gallery New York, NY
1984 Richard Serra: Sculpture, Galerie Daniel Templon Paris
1983 Gemini G.E.L., Art and Collaboration, National Gallery of Art Washington, D.C.
1982 A Century of Modern Drawing (org. under the Int'l. Council of MOMA, NY), The British Museum London
1981 Richard Serra: Recent Drawings, Blum Helman Gallery New York, NY
1980 Richard Serra: Elevator 1980, The Hudson River Museum Yonkers, NY
1980 91e Salon des Artistes Independants, Grand Palais Paris
1974 Art as Language (org. under the Int'l. Council of MOMA, NY), Museo de Arte Moderna Bogota (traveled)
1973 Opinions and Alternatives: Some Directions in Recent Art, Yale University Art Gallery New Haven, CT
1971 Sixth Guggenheim International, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum New York, NY
1968 Primary Structure, Minimal pop Art, Anti-Form, Galerie Ricke Kassel, Germany
1966 From Arp to Arschwager 1, Noah Goldowsky Gallery New York, NY

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